Researchers aimed to predict the impact of advising pregnant women to use calcium supplements (1,000 mg/day) on the number of cases of pre-eclampsia prevented and related health care costs. By use of a decision-analytic model, we assessed the expected impact of advising calcium supplementation to either (1) all pregnant women, (2) women at high risk of developing pre-eclampsia, or (3) women with a low dietary calcium intake compared with current care.
The study concluded that advising pregnant women to use calcium supplements can be expected to cause substantial reductions in the incidence of pre-eclampsia as well as related health care costs. It appears most efficient to advise calcium supplementation to all pregnant women, not subgroups only.
Linda J. E. Meertens, Hubertina C. J. Scheepers, Jessica P. M. M. Willemse et al. Should women be advised to use calcium supplements during pregnancy? A decision analysis. Maternal & Child Nutrition 18 JUN 2017 DOI: 10.1111/mcn.12479
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